This tree is a variety of the spruce species called Picea glauca, that is otherwise known as white spruce. The Black Hills spruce is notably superior as an ornamental tree to any others in the species, according to botanists at Missouri Botanical Gardens. All Rights Reserved. Though these trees are found to be resistant to pests and diseases, they are susceptible to attack of spider mites, needle and stem rust, canker, trunk and root rot. Propagation Methods for Spruce Trees. Black Hills spruce trees grow in large, conical shapes. Planting and caring for evergreens takes an investment of time and money, and so it is important to make the right decisions when choosing these plants for your yard. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! If I harvest black hills spruce seeds from a fallen cone that has been under the tree all winter, is that a good stratification ? It varies from the typical white spruce in its denser, more compact habit and slower growth rate. Over time it may reach as much as 40 feet, and 15 feet across. These pyramid-shaped trees are highly popular for ornamental purposes. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Daily watering is recommended, during the initial stages. The branches are compact and stout, with an ascending form of growth. This dense evergreen is decorated with short stiff needles. The Black Hills spruce is notably superior as an ornamental tree to any others in … Fill the hole halfway with soil. As compared to the original species, i.e., white spruce (Picea glauca), the Black Hills spruce is slow-growing and smaller. These trees are native to the Black hills of South Dakota, where they are found abundantly, that too at elevations of more than 6000 feet. We hope you are enjoying Gardenerdy! Though Black Hill spruce trees are found to be drought resistant to some extent; they need moisture, till they establish themselves. Generally speaking, it's best to plant multiple rows of trees and shrubs to create a windbreak. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Black Hills Spruce grows steadily into a dense, symmetrical cone-shaped tree. Choose a planting site for the Black Hills spruce tree. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Black Hills spruce is a small- to medium-height tree with a dense habit and broad, pyramidal form. The ideal soil pH range is 4 to 7.5. As stated above, the growth rate of Black Hills spruce trees is very slow. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Each needle is attached to the stems individually. There are around 35 different spruce species with several subspecies. If, after a heavy rain, the water tends to puddle in the area, find another location to plant. These trees are mostly conical in shape. The needles are green to blue-green. These trees must be planted in well-drained and moist soil. You may notice the tree attracting birds and other animals because of its year-round foliage and density. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Add a 3-inch layer of compost around the base of the tree, but don’t allow it to touch the bark (2 to 3 inches away is fine). These trees are native to the Black hills of South Dakota, where they are found abundantly, that too at elevations of more than 6000 feet. dens A large evergreen tree with a central trunk and dense, ascending, lateral branches from the ground up that form a broad pyramidal to conical crown. The Black Hills spruce is scientifically termed Picea Glauca Var. However, most of these conditions can be tackled with proper care and preventive measures. The Black Hills spruce (Picea glauca Densata) is a variety of white spruce native to the Black Hills of South Dakota. The dark, green needles grow to 1 1/4-inch in length. As they have a shallow root system, these trees tend to get dry very fast. The latter has a darker foliage, which is found to be denser than the white spruce. Choose a planting site for the Black Hills spruce tree. These trees are adapted to extreme cold temperatures. The bark of an adult tree appears a medium brown and easily flakes off to reveal shades of gray. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Mulching will be beneficial for the plant, as it helps to retain moisture of the soil. Recommended spacing for windbreak plantings of Black Hills spruce is 12-20 feet. The leaves or needles are greener in Black Hills spruce, and the cones are smaller. Black Hills Spruce is a pyramidal growing conifer evergreen. Let the agent know that you are planning on planting a Black Hills spruce tree and that you’ll be needing a somewhat acidic soil. Dig into the soil to a depth of 12 inches, loosening the soil and removing any rocks and other debris. These trees are also grown for shade, and for preventing soil erosion. Its leaves are stiff, four-sided needles that are blue-green to gray in color. Victory Gardening in 2020: Spring is Not Cancelled, Green Pavement Creates Beautiful Environmental Solutions. Here are some tips for growing Black Hill spruce trees. If you want to start growing new spruce trees, planting seeds is a common method of propagation. Water the tree until the water puddles and drains. You can also take a soil sample to your county cooperative extension office for analysis. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in English with a concentration in creative writing. Choose a location that will allow roots to spread and branches to grow freely. If not, you may add compost and other such materials to the soil. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. This is a slow-growing, pyramid-shaped tree that will eventually reach heights of 20 to 25 feet. Press the soil around the base of the tree with your hands or feet. Space plants far enough from building foundations, walls, and decks so that the growing foliage won't crowd the structure. As compared to the original species, i.e., white spruce (Picea glauca), the Black Hills spruce is slow-growing and smaller. Trees planted 12 feet apart will provide protection sooner than those planted at 20 feet, but thinning may eventually be needed to maintain the trees' health as they mature and need more space. The location must have good sunlight, but partial shade is also suitable for growing these trees. Copyright © Gardenerdy & Buzzle.com, Inc. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. After that, reduce the frequency to once a week; or water them, as and when the soil gets dry. The tree is both male and female. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. You can … The latter has a darker foliage, which is found to be denser than the white spruce. In the wild, spruce tree propagation involves spruce seeds falling from the parent tree and beginning to grow in the soil. Its bark is brownish or ash in color, and is flaky in nature. 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