Spanish rule for the first 100 years was exercised in most areas through a type of tax farming imported from the Americas and known as the encomienda. The legacy of Spanish conquest and colonial rule in the Philippines, as is true of all colonial attempts to 'master' or manage indigenous populations, is mixed. Philippine History: Spanish Era 1. Spanish rule ended in 1898 with Spain's defeat in the Spanish–American War. They left their mark probably more so than any other foreign nation to which the Philippines was subjected.Spain was one of the most powerful nations in t… 0000010752 00000 n PHILIPPINE MEDIA AND LITERATURE DURING THE PRE-SPANISH ERA The following are accounts of existence and developments of Philippine literature from the Pre-Spanish Colonization: The Start of Recorded History The end of Philippine prehistory is April 21 900 AD, the date inscribed in the oldest Philippine document found so far, the Laguna Copperplate Inscription. 351 37 PHILIPPINE HISTORY SPANISH ERA 2. 0000014379 00000 n Literature, religion, lifestyles, societal classes and the like was taken into… The Philippine Economy During the Spanish Colonial Period. There was oral and written literature. 0000002802 00000 n Manila dominated the islands not only as the political capital. During the Spanish occupation the woman being subordinate was instilled, men rising as the dominant gender, establishing a patriarchal society that has prevailed and surpassed generations, and is now the prevalent type of society that we follow. Spanish historians, writing about the early Filipinos, affirmed that there was hardly a man or woman who could not read and write. endstream endobj 352 0 obj<>>>/LastModified(D:20110625185625)/MarkInfo<>>> endobj 354 0 obj<>/Font<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/StructParents 0>> endobj 355 0 obj[356 0 R 357 0 R 358 0 R 359 0 R 360 0 R 361 0 R] endobj 356 0 obj<>/Subtype/Link/A 382 0 R/StructParent 1>> endobj 357 0 obj<>/Subtype/Link/A 381 0 R/StructParent 2>> endobj 358 0 obj<>/Subtype/Link/A 380 0 R/StructParent 3>> endobj 359 0 obj<>/Subtype/Link/A 379 0 R/StructParent 4>> endobj 360 0 obj<>/Subtype/Link/A 378 0 R/StructParent 5>> endobj 361 0 obj<>/Subtype/Link/A 376 0 R/StructParent 6>> endobj 362 0 obj<> endobj 363 0 obj<> endobj 364 0 obj<> endobj 365 0 obj<> endobj 366 0 obj<>stream Written by Miguel Lucio y Bustamante and published by La Voz de Espana. 0000002247 00000 n Spanish Colonization (1521 - 1898) 3. %PDF-1.4 %���� The governor-general, himself appointed by the king, began to appoint his own civil and military governors to rule directly. Twilight of Spanish Rule The Philippine Representation in the Spanish Cortes Ventura de los Reyes a creole born in Vigan. 0000002963 00000 n In addition to Luzon, select cities such as Bacolod , Cebu , Iloilo or Zamboanga which are home to historical military fortifications or commercial ports during the Spanish era also holds sizable mestizo communities. 0000006717 00000 n 0000003291 00000 n 353 0 obj<>stream %%EOF But the dispersed demographic patterns of the old barangays largely persisted. Amazing Kaspil2 34,079 views. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago. 0000014133 00000 n Spain had control of the Philippines for more than 300 years, so it’s no surprise that there are many Filipino customs, traditions, and cultural norms that can be traced back to the Spanish. 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