There are various groups of Roma: the Roma of East European birth;[2] the Sinti in Germany and Manouches in France and Catalonia; the Kaló in Spain, Ciganos in Portugal and Gitans of southern France; the Romanichals of Britain, and the Romanlar of Turkey. Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers humanitarian news, women's and LGBT+ rights, human trafficking, property rights, and climate change.

[1] They migrated as Traders into Europe via Roman Empire Egypt, to the Middle East, than Iran trough the Caucasus Mountains, Asia Minor and finally to Europe. The Romani people, historically called Gitanos, Kale, Manush, or (pejoratively) Gypsies, are a major ethnic group. European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, "European Roma descended from Indian 'untouchables', genetic study shows", "Gitans, manouches et tsiganes : la route du Rom :", "Les persécutions et le génocide des Roms dans la seconde guerre mondiale - Presse fédéraliste", "Compilhistoire - Roms, Gitans, Manouches et Tsiganes", "Expulsions des Roms : fascistes sous Sarkozy, mais humanitaires et normales sous Hollande", "Union Romani Internationale - Union Romani Internationale", Monitoring Minority Protection in EU Member States: The Situation of Roma in Spain, The Health of Gypsies: Problem of caring for travellers is also British, not just European, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Romani_people&oldid=7130007, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

8. Roms were crossing Europe aboard large caravans which contained their luggage.

They influenced a lot of musical styles in Europe, such as flamenco, rumba, jazz, etc. He also noticed that they were using similar words. Persecution reached its peak at the hands of the Nazis during World War II, with the Roma people being subjected to violence, imprisonment, and even genocide in Nazi concentration camps. Some Roma consider "gypsy" a slur, some not. [7] During World War II, Roma people suffered from the Nazis' discriminative policies.

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The Roma are an ethnic group found mainly in Europe.They are also known as Roma.In English they are often called Gypsies.Some Roma consider "gypsy" a slur, some not. Today there are populations of Roma found all over Europe, although the largest populations are in Eastern Europe, and their religions are: Eastern Christianity, Catholicism and Islam.

[4], The 18th-century idea about the Indian birth of the Roma is based on the likeness between Romani[5] and languages spoken in the Indian subcontinent and is now supported by genetic evidence. [8], On 8 April 1971, the Roms' nationality was legally recognised in Europe. 4. European people thought they were Christian pilgrims. As nomads, many also foraged, obtaining mushrooms, nuts, berries, and greens from the wild as they traveled to provide supplementary sustenance as well. The first arrivals were well accepted. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The Erie People - Native Cultures of North America, The Assyrian People: Cultures of the World, Japanese Cultures, Customs and Traditions, The Algonquin People - Cultures of the World, Towns With The Lowest Violent Crime Rates In The US, Countries With The Biggest Population Decline. That being said, not all Roma are peripatetic and large numbers are settled.

Within Latin American, only Colombia and Brazil recognise Roma as an official minority group, meaning they have additional legal protections and rights. Roma people in a Bulgarian town are barred from leaving their neighborhood. Roma are known to be at high risk of statelessness, though there is a lack of clear data. Morar B et al.

This Holocaust has come to be known as Porajmos in the Roma tongue.

The great distances and countries they have traversed over the centuries have resulted in a variety of influences on their music, beginning with their Indian roots.

Their largest concentrations are to be seen in Europe, particularly Central and Eastern Europe. Some countries still apply discriminative attitudes towards Roms, especially in workplaces and schools, where they are not accepted.

Copyright © 2020 Thomson Reuters Foundation. Only about one in four Roma adults in Europe are in work, with only 16 percent of women reporting they had a job in 2016 compared to a third of men. Baptism by the Christian Roma and Male Circumcision by the Muslim Roma are practised. The Roma are people that originally came from the Indian subcontinent.A DNA study by Indian and Estonian researchers shows that the Roma/Romani/Gypsy and Sinti people originate from different community of their ancestral homeland.