Socrates viewed life as a disease and death being its only antidote. To provide with his cure , his solution, his remedy. The Importance of Deductive Reasoning Kelly Douglas CRT/205 Alicia Mandolini October 7, 2012 We make decisions each and every day; everything we say and do is the result of a. However, his primary argument against Socrates is that the Athenian was decadent, both in method and message. Socrates claimed that everyone was infected by impulsive desires and the only way to a happy life was thorough reason and virtue, while also distancing one’s self from impulsivity. If these things are true, then Nietzsche can feel justified in arguing that Socrates was not a great man and that all of the philosophers that followed him through the leadership of Plato were also symptomatic of all that was wrong with Socrates and with his form of reasoning. can use them for free to gain inspiration and new creative ideas for their writing assignments. And he also possessed the finer intellect. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. In Nietzsche’s understanding, Socrates’s thirst for genuine truth was either pie-in-the-sky naivete or perhaps a cynical manipulation that claimed for itself the mantle of truth–which at least the Sophists generally had the good taste to avoid. Nietzsche criticizes German culture of the day as unsophisticated, decadent and nihilistic, and shoots some disapproving arrows at key French, British, and Italian cultural figures who represent similar tendencies. ” In order. Nietzsche objects to Euripides' use of Socratic rationalism and morality in his tragedies, claiming that the infusion of ethics and reason robs tragedy of its foundation, namely the fragile balance of the Dionysian and Apollonian. Nietzsche came to very different conclusions than those that were reached by the people upon whose texts he based his reasoning because of his imposing modern values upon the writings of these ancient texts. The remedy was the result of his self-mastery. He claimed the dialectic was a detestable way of constructing arguments and that it was a weapon used by the lowest of the low. Virtue was something to be cultivated in an individual by his own hands , not to be borrowed from someone else, because to do so is just mere mimicry and not authentic conduct. A borrowed identity or virtue is of no great importance since it doesn’t aid the individual to better understand himself but instead put controversial thoughts such as ”virtue” and ”reason” to obey them like they were gods that bestow gifts to their believers. During the end of his life Socrates expressed his indifference towards the death that was awaiting him. Not everything is understandable; possibly … Moreover thinking life as a sickness is indeed a pathological way of conceptualizing reality as it renders the individual of fully understanding the beauty of life and living it to its fullest limits incapable. 4 years ago. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Nietzsche, however, chose to interpret the writings that he studied as proof that Greek society was in decline due to the rise of reason over instinct, which would thus support his argument that the ills and decadence of modern society sprang from the morals and reason that were being imposed upon the world. Anderson writes, “Given these facts . Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Nietzsche had a brilliant school and university career,culminating in May 1869 when he was called to a chair in classicalphilology at Basel. Examined Lives: From Socrates to Nietzsche - Kindle edition by Miller, James. In fact, Nietzsche argues, the argumentation that Socrates relied upon was the vanquishing of “a noble taste” in which people did not live solely by reason, but through personal responsibility and personal morality, through instincts, rather than reason. A new form of society was coming into being and Socrates was the forerunner of the kind of citizen that would populate it. It is well known that Socrates came from the plebian class, but Nietzsche also argues against his ugliness, which appears in both writings on and sculptures of Socrates. In fact he was welcoming it and made a case for death to actually curing him and giving him a way to either a ”paradise” of the gods or dreamless sleep. PhDessay is an educational resource where over 1,000,000 free essays are collected. 1. (2017, May 19). from Nietzsche's The Wanderer and his Shadow,s. This book was used as evidence supporting Nietzsche’s disregard for overrated historical figures, primarily those who were philosophical. For his first argument, Nietzsche states that all sages have concluded that life is devoid of positive meaning (Nietzsche par. At the time that the ancients were writing in praise of Socrates, it was to their benefit to do so. Abstract. Making reason the compass for primary behaviour creates another tyrrant while sacrificing a crucial human element in the process. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Examined Lives: From Socrates to Nietzsche. All things are subject to interpretation whichever interpretation prevails at a given time is a function of power and not truth. The Ethics of Friedrich Nietzsche. Yet, unlike other figures of comparable importance, such as the Buddha or Confucius, he did not tell his audience how they should live. Nietzsche is all about saying yes to life and ignoring religious wishes or beliefs . He believed that a person created his virtues not merely replicating a specific set of actions . In a very real sense, it can be argued that Nietzsche skewed the historical writings he studied to support his modern philosophical statements. If Socrates was denigrated in writings during the time at which he lived, it was not because he was decadent or ugly, but because he challenged the society in which he lived. The body and its drives are perceived as a threat," which reason must subjugate (82). Nietzsche goes on to argue that Socrates … Friedrich Nietzsche, born in 1844, was a German philosopher whose main goal was to erect a new image for the people and to create a free spirit in them. In his lecture on Heraclitus, Nietzsche called Socrates "the first philosopher of life [Lebensphilosoph]", and says that in the example of Socrates, "Thought serves life, while in all previous philosophers life served thought and knowledge" (17). Get Your Custom Essay This Socratic reasoning did not so much remove decadence from society as it did simply change that decadence into another form. Like Marx, Nietzsche believed that, to some extent, the root of many social ills came from the division between the classes and with the decadence of those with wealth. It is of crucial importance for the individual to make its own path and not to be a follower of any ideology, teacher or master. Without a doubt, Nietzsche was one of the great thinkers of his time. You can get your A Critique of the Crito and an Argument for Philosophical Anarchism by Forrest Cameranesi In this essay I will present a summary and critique of Plato’s dialogue Crito, focusing especially. Astandard!view!of!the!relations!between!Nietzsche!and!Plato!is!that!Nietzsche!is! However that process removes one tyrant by crating another, removes impulsivity and gives rise to reason. He believed that a person created his virtues not merely replicating a specific set of actions . That way the spirit of the individual stays imprisoned seeking ways of escape from the madness of the human imagination. “Socrates is no physician,” he said softly to himself: “death alone is a physician here... Socrates himself has only been a long time sick” (12). The Four Virtues of the Republic In the Republic, Plato sets up a framework to help us establish what the four virtues are, and their relationship between them to both. Friedrich Nietzsche. Through Euripides, Nietzsche charges that the Socratic forced thoughts and emotions where there should be contemplations and ecstacies, removing the direct experience into a more controlled space of philosophy. vehemently!anti8Platonic.! . His father died in 1849, andthe family relocated to Naumburg, where he grew up in a householdcomprising his mother, grandmother, two aunts, and his younger sister,Elisabeth. This is just a sample. 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